What is Glaucoma?

The build-up of fluid in the front of the eye that causes damage to the optic nerve is known as glaucoma. This excess build-up increases the pressure in the eye, which is commonly experienced by people over the age of 40-years-old and can lead to blindness if left unaddressed. Glaucoma can be managed with the help of our Mt. Pleasant optometrist at H. Arnold Papernick OD who will refer the patient to an Ophthalmologist who specializes in glaucoma.


Types of Glaucoma That Exist

Several types of glaucoma exist, but there are two commonly known types: angle-closure and open-angle. The lesser-known type, angle-closure glaucoma, is characterized by:

  • Results from the swift rise of intraocular pressure, which is caused by blockages in the drainage canals
  • Requires urgent medical attention
  • Symptoms are noticeable and sudden

Known as the primary cause of chronic glaucoma, open-angle refers to the angles in which the iris engages with the cornea. The trabecular meshwork is a tissue that is small and spongy and outflows the fluid from the eye. When the channels in the iris and cornea become partially blocked, and the intraocular pressure (IOP) increases, the optic nerve becomes damaged. This condition can be characterized as:

  • Clogging of the drainage canals that occurs at a slow pace
  • A lifelong condition that typically affects people as early as 40-years-old 
  • Symptoms are not as noticeable as angle-closure glaucoma

Symptoms of Glaucoma

Common symptoms of this disease are:

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Severe redness of the eye
  • Severe eye pain
  • The sudden occurrence of blurred vision
  • The sight of colored rings when looking at bright lights

What are the Risk Factors of Glaucoma?

Since glaucoma is not just one disease, many forms and factors exist, including:

  • Being older than 40
  • Cornea being thin
  • A family of history of glaucoma
  • An eye injury or surgery
  • A history of taking corticosteroids

Choose Our Mt. Pleasant Optometrist For Exceptional Optometry Care

Dr. H. Arnold Papernick is one of the top optometrists in the Mt. Pleasant area, has been practicing optometry since 1969, and is committed to offering high-quality services to his patients. Dr. Papernick can detect the symptoms of glaucoma through a basic examination, tests, and special instruments and will refer to an ophthalmologist who specializes in glaucoma if this disease is detected. Our goal is to ensure your vision care needs are met. Call us today to schedule an appointment with our eye doctor at (724) 547-5711.